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The Income Tax and Personal Allowances for 2020 were set at the 2019 budget. The Income Tax and Personal Allowances are used to calculate the amount of Income tax you will pay in the 2020/21 Tax Year, if you are an employee, your income tax will typically be calculated and deducted from your salary as Pay As You Earn (PAYE) along with your other salary deductions like National Insurance, Company Pension and student loans deductions etc.
Not all your income is subject to tax, a Personal Allowance is defined each year. This is effectively the total amount you can earn tax-free (that is tax free from PAYE, you will still be liable for National Insurance below this). Please note that although a tax-free personal allowance is defined each year, the amount of personal allowance that you are entitled to can go up and down, typically as a result of over or under payments in previous tax years. The amount of personal allowance you receive each year is controlled via your tax code. Your tax code should be clearly displayed in your payslip.
Your personal allowance can also be more than the standard personal allowance if you receive blind persona allowance or claim marriage allowance.
The amount of personal allowance you receive reduces as your income exceeds a specific threshold (see tax tables below for further information).
The current tax year is 2020/2021, view the latest Income Tax and Personal Allowances for 2020/2021