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# How To Build A Pallet Step 9

In logistics, it is possible to build a pallet with the carton placed in one of six different positions in relation to the Pallet that you are using to transport your goods. In this guide we cover Step 9 for building an Optimal Pallet Build Configuration as illustrated and calculated on the advanced Pallet Calculator

## Carton to Pallet Position: How To Build A Pallet Step 9

The image below illustrates how the pallet should look at step 9 of the pallet build.

Our pallet ( in how to build a pallet step 9 ) is built by placing one carton at a time, aligning the carton to the pallet as follows:

Step 9 provides an alternate means of calculating the voids whihc exist adjacent the goods, between the goods and the caveat dimensions of the pallet. In step 9, we can see the void to the near side of the pallet, this is highlighted in green.

In this final step, we can see that with the four cartons stacked in Steps 1 through to 4, we created 3 separate voids. These voids were created as we stacked the cartons in the same direction, one on top of the other.

With the void boxes now highlighted, we can calculate the dimensions, area and volume of each of the voids and, by doing so, calculate how many additional cartons we can fit into these voids. Once those cartons have been placed, we can repeat the process, identify further voids on the pallet and calculate the number of cartons that will fit in those voids and so on.

The process repeats ad infinitum until there is insufficient space within which to stack one of our cartons on the pallet. In addition to calculating the voids and pallet fill, you also need to ensure you maintain a running weight calculation to ensure the pallet remains within weight restrictions.

We trust our 7 step guide to building a pallet proved useful. Most will of course simply enter the carton and pallet dimensions / properties into the Advanced Pallet Calculator and let the tool calculate the optimal pallet layout automatically but, it is always good to know the basic concept and calculations involved in pallet configuration and pallet build planning.

As the pallet builds, the volume of the pallet is slowly filled. Unless you are very lucky and the dimensions work out just right, you will typically be left with space within the pallet build configuration. This can be filled with additional product by turning the cartons through anyone of the 6 positions that a carton can be placed on a pallet. Using this technique, you can manually optimise your pallet build and get the most cartons/boxes onto your pallet. Alternatively you can use the advanced Pallet Calculator which will automatically calculate the optimal load configuration for a pallet for you.

## Notes on this Pallet Build Guide

1. In this pallet build guide which is provided in support of the Advanced Pallet Build Calculator, we have assumed that the boxes/cartons can be stacked in any direction (so they are any way up). In order to do this you must ensure that the quality of the product is not compromised and that the carton containing the products is strong enough in all positions to sustain the weight of additional cartons stacked on top of it. Note that not all boxes and cartons are designed to be stacked and support weight in all directions.
2. In logistics, the term 'building a pallet' refers to the process of placing cartons (also called boxes, products, goods etc.) onto a pallet. The pallet is typically wooden though plastic and metal pallets are used in certain industries for specific goods. Cartons are placed according to the properties and constraints of the goods within the carton and the cartons properties. Some cartons can only be placed one way up, other can be placed in any direction. Cartons which contain sensitive products and/or high value/high quality goods should be clearly marked with directional arrows to ensure that the individual who builds the pallet is clear on the limitations of the carton he/she is handling.
3. Ideally, where applicable, all cartons which have to be stacked in a certain direction should have 'up arrows' and indicate 'non-stackable' if they are not suitable for having additional products stacked on top of them.

## How to optimise your pallet build

An optimal pallet build identifies all available voids surrounding the goods and calculates the space available for stacking additional products / cartons etc. The Advanced Pallet Calculator does this automatically by identifying the three key voids which exist when cartons/boxes/product is placed onto a pallet. The images below (which can be clicked to be viewed full screen) highlight the locations of those voids. The advanced pallet calculator results will identify these voids, their properties (width, length, height and cubic area) and, where feasible, place cartons into these spaces (depending on any way up / stackable properties).

 Click on the images below to see a larger picture and additional information. Pallet Void 1 Pallet Void 2 Pallet Void 3

## Pallet Build Configuration Options

Pallets can be built by placing boxes/cartons onto a pallet in one of six different configurations. The links below highlight the different pallet build configurations that are possible.