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UPDATE: If you are looking to see how much tax you will pay when the new Private Landlord tax legislation comes into effect in 2017, please use the Buy-to-let Profit Calculator which provides comparison of profit / earnings and detailed tax calculations so you can understand how the changes will change your income after tax.
UK based landlords are required to notify HMRC if they are letting a property or part of their property. The Landlord Income Tax Calculator is designed for individuals who rent out a property as an additional/sole income (not as a seperate business). If you are renting properties as a business you should use a traditional accountant or online business accounting solution and pay yourself as an employee of the company.
As a landlord, you can use rental income tax calculator and combine this with salary earned as an employee to produce income tax, PAYE and NI illustration for your combined Rental and other earning. You can find detailed information about the Landlord Tax Calculator further down this page.
The VAT Calculator is designed to be intuitive to use, it"s all about making VAT easy to calculate and understand. The calculator allows you to apply VAT to a figure entered or calculate the VAT paid on the figure entered.
A Landlord is a man (in legal application, also a woman) who is the legal owner of land, a building, or accommodation which is rented or leased to an individual or business, who is called a tenant (also a lessee or renter).
The process flow to the right defines the factors affecting your income tax calculation as a landlord. When calculating your income tax, it is easier to look at the process in reverse and understand how each of the elements are calculated. A common mistake that landlords make when submitting their tax return is to combine their own expenses and the expenses generated from the properties. This is incorrect, the correct tax process is to separate those expenses (treat the properties as a separate income revenue).
Net income = Gross Taxable Income - Income Tax Payable and National Insurance
Gross Taxable income = Gross Income - Personal Expenses
Gross Income = Profit from Properties + Personal Earnings
Profit from Properties = Income from Properties - Expenses from Properties
As with the majority of taxes, it is your responsibility to ensure that you deduct any legitimate costs generated as part of income. If you don't deduct legitimate expenses, you will pay extra tax. Not claiming expenses is basically burning your hard earned cash.
The following expenses are legitimate expenses which occur as part of owning, maintaining and leasing/renting a property:
Only accounting expenses incurred in preparing rental business accounts, not accounting expenses incurred for preparing personal tax returns
Any legal fees incurred in the day to day management of your rental property. Including:
Including agency advertising costs, using a website like Rightmove, newspapers and so forth.
Most rental agencies will prepare an inventory for you for a fee which is a legitimate landlord expense.
Corrective and periodic (e.g. having carpets deep cleaned).
Typically encompassed in Rental Agency fees though you may incur vehicle and fuel expenses if collecting in person (be careful, check with your accountant for advice pertinent to your particular situation).
Typically, you will be afforded up to 6 months Council tax free though this has started to vary between regions with new legislation potentially ending this expense.
Note that a Council Tax exemption is typically facilitated through your local council and not reclaimed as an expense during annual income calculation.
Corrective and periodic garden maintenance.
As such you can deduct any funds used to pay the mortgage interest charged by your lender. The capital repayment element of your mortgage is not deductible (further conditions apply).
UPDATE: The tax law affecting Mortgage Interest relief has changed, if you are a landlord with a mortgage you need to read this guide and calculator, your income is going to change significantly!
Conditions apply - we recommend you consult your accountant for valid and appropriate expense offset.